Switzerland targets 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions

Switzerland, which is responsible for 0.1% of global greenhouse gas emissions and, based on the structure of its economy, has a low level of emissions (6.4 tonnes per capita per year), should be able to avail of emissions reduction measures abroad to reduce the cost of emissions reduction measures during the period 2020-2030 (see Box 1).Get price

Latest greenhouse gas inventory of Switzerland

Latest greenhouse gas inventory of Switzerland. SwitzerlandNational Inventory Report 2021 (GHG inventory 1990-2019) (PDF, 10 MB, 12.04.2021)Get price

Switzerland targets 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions

Switzerland targets 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. The Federal Council. Bern, 27.02.2015 - Switzerland aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 50% relative to 1990 levels by 2030. At least 30% of this reduction must be achieved within Switzerland itself. The rest may be attained through projects carried out abroad.Get price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf6 gas are rising

But there’s a problem: it’s also one of the most potent greenhouse gases known to man. The amount of the gas – known as Sulfr hexafluoride – in the atmosphere is minute, only about three parts per trillion by volume, but its global warming potential is significant.Get price

sf6 gas Free HV GIS and Breakers - EPA

• Report annually by March 31 • Resubmit report within 45 days (plus an additional 30 days if requested) of substantive errors being discovered [40 CFR Part 98.3(h)] • Report calculated annual insulating gas emissions (lbs) –to include both hermitically and non-hermetically sealed gas insulated switchgear (GIS) CARB • Report annually by June 1Get price

Grid switchgear uses gaz sf6, the world’s most potent greenhouse

Nov 25, 2019 · Although it is clear that sustainably reducing the warming influence of greenhouse gases will be possible only with substantial cuts in emissions of CO2, reducing non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions would be a relatively quick and cost-effective way of contributing to this goal. Regulators should see greenhouse gases such as Sulfr hexafluoride as an opportunity to tackle the path dependency that plagues innovation in the energy sector and send a clear message that the Paris climate agreement is being takenGet price

Regulation of Air Pollution: Switzerland - loc.gov

Air Pollution ControlGreenhouse Gas Emissions ReductionRenewable FuelsEven though the air quality in Switzerland has improved since the 1980s, pollution continues to be higher than the ambient limit values set out in the relevant legislation. Air pollution reduction measures are mainly codified in the Environmental Protection Act (EPA). The EPA contains general provisions that apply to all aspects of environmental protection and is supplemented by various detailed implementing ordinances. For the area of air pollution control and reduction these are in particular the Ordinance on Air Pollution Control (OAPC), the Chemical Risk Reduction Ordinance, the Ordinance on Incentive Taxation of Petrol and Diesel with a Sulfur Content of More Than 0.001% (PDSO), the Ordinance on the Incentive Tax on Extra-Light Heating Oil with a Sulfur Content of More Than 0.1% (ELHOO), and the Ordinance on the Incentive Tax on Volatile Organic Compounds (OVOC).The legislation is mainly focused on reducing air pollution from respirable particulate matter (PM10), nitrogen oxide...Get price

Greenhouse gas emission reductions through use of a

For decades, insulating gas has been a dielectric medium commonly used in electrical power applications, particularly for high voltage equipment. However, sf6 gas has long been recognized as a potent greenhouse gas and governments have sought to reduce emissions from gas-insulated equipment. The electrical power industry has demonstrated an ability and willingness to respond to these environmental issuesGet price

PGE Phases Out Sulfr hexafluoride Greenhouse Gas | TD World

Feb 21, 2019 · Like carbon dioxide, SF 6 is a greenhouse gas. While CO 2 has a global warming potential (GWP) of one, SF 6 has a GWP of 23,500. Although PGE reduced its SF 6 leak rate to nearly 1%, this came with an extreme operating cost. Eliminating the use of SF 6 would eliminate future leaks and result in reduced operating cost.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride, is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. It is inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and non-toxic. SF 6 has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density ofGet price

Sustainable Reduction of Sulfr hexafluoride Emission

EU-F-Gas-regulation and has the target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere 1997 Kyoto Protocol 2005 German voluntary self-commitment 2006 First EU-F-Gas-regulation (EC) 842/2006 1997 TODAY 2008 German national Chemicals Sanction regulation 2011 Report of the EU-commission on the application, effects and adequacy of theGet price

IPCC — Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

The IPCC also has a Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, whose main objective is to develop and refine a methodology for the calculation and reporting of national greenhouse gas emissions and removals. The Working Groups and Task Force handle the preparation of reports, selecting and managing the experts that work on them as authors.Get price

E.ON plans to eliminate greenhouse gas in gas-insulated

Solutions Mobility for Companies. E.ON Drive Booster E.ON Optimum Energy for your Business Gas Solutions. News EventsGet price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reduction

Tracer gas in fume hoods, microbubbles as contrast agent in ultrasound equipment, treatment of retinal detachment by reinopexy. A ccording to global EPA data the primary global greenhouse gas emissions are approximately 76-80% carbon dioxide, 10-16% methane, 5-7% nitrous oxide, and 2-3% fluorinated gases.Get price

EU legislation to control F-gases | Climate Action

26/09/2011 - COM (2011) 581 - Report from the Commission on the application, effects and adequacy of the Regulation on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases (Regulation (EC) No 842/2006) 2006 F-gas Regulation. 17/05/2006 - Commission Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on certain fluorinated greenhouse gasesGet price

Greenhouse gas emission reductions through use of a

Abstract: For decades, insulating gas has been a dielectric medium commonly used in electrical power applications, particularly for high voltage equipment. However, gaz sf6 has long been recognized as a potent greenhouse gas and governments have sought to reduce emissions from gas-insulated equipment.Get price

What A Gas! Utilities Look To Green Alternative To Global

Jan 10, 2020 · Trouble starts when sf6 gas leaks: Its global warming potential is 23,500 times worse than CO2 when compared over a 100-year period, and the gas could linger in the atmosphere for more than 3,000 years, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The power transmission industry accounts for over 80% of the world’s Sulfr hexafluoride use and, as the appetite for energy grows, the gas’ concentration in the atmosphere has increased by 40% over the past 10 years.Get price

2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National

for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands . Methodological Guidance on Lands with Wet and Drained Soils, and Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment . Edited by . Takahiko Hiraishi, Thelma Krug, Kiyoto Tanabe, Nalin Srivastava, Baasansuren Jamsranjav, Maya Fukuda and Tiffany Troxler . Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas InventoriesGet price

Fluorinated gas (F gas): guidance for users, producers and

Aug 21, 2019 · Fluorinated greenhouse gases (F gases) include: hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) perfluorocarbons (PFCs) sulphur hexafluoride (insulating gas) This guidance affects anyone who:Get price

(PDF) Climate change and industrial F-gases: A critical and

Humanity has come to depend on synthetic, factory made gases that have extremely significant global warming potential. Fluorinated greenhouse gases, or F-gases, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride),Get price

Technical Guidance on Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions

IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, prepared by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Program. 2017 GHGRP Notice means the Notice with respect to reporting of greenhouse gases (GHGs) for 2017, Canada Gazette, Part I. This notice was published in the Canada Gazette on December 30Get price

Medium Voltage blue GIS | Systems | Siemens Global

Technical Report on alternative to insulating gas gas in MV HV electrical equipment TD Europe is the European association of the electricity transmission and distribution equipment and services industry. Its scope includes the complete range of products and services necessary to transmit and distribute electricity in high- and medium-voltages, betweenGet price

Climate Change: Electrical Industry'dirty Secret' Is Only

Sep 14, 2019 · The gas they are talking about is Sulfr hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride which is a non conducting insulating gas used for circuit breakers, switching gear and gas insulated lines. It is a very powerful greenhouse gas, so although the amounts released are minute, we still need to reduce it even further.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Reductions: insulating gas (Multimedia) | ScienceCinema

Apr 20, 2012 · Argonne National Laboratory is leading the way in greenhouse gas reductions, particularly with the recapture and recycling of sulfur hexafluoride (gaz sf6). Sulfr hexafluoride is a gas used in industry as an anti-arcing agent. It is an extremely potent greenhouse gas — one pound of Sulfr hexafluoride is equivalent to 12 tons of carbon dioxide.Get price

Statewide Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory for 2009

The Statewide greenhouse gas limit for 2020 is to stabilize emissions to levels seen in 1990, which is 125.6 MMTCO2eq. As in 2008, 2009 Statewide greenhouse gas emissions were under the 2020 limit. The Statewide greenhouse gas limit for 2050 is 80 percent less than the 2006 level of Statewide greenhouse gas emissions, or 25.4 MMTCO2e.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Inventory Management Plan Template

Jan 31, 2011 · Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks 4. EPA, eGRID Technical Support Document, Chapter 3 5. DOE, 1605(b) Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program, Technical Guidelines 6. EIA, Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States, Documentation and Emission Factors 7. International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),Get price

Draft Global Anthropogenic Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions

To develop estimates included in this report, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) collected emission estimates from publicly available nationally-prepared GHG reports consistent with the Revised 1996 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IPCC Guidelines) (IPCC, 1997), the IPCCGet price

China, Global Warming and Hot-Rolled Structural Steel Sections

the atmosphere as a result of greenhouse gas emissions. Global warming potential is expressed as carbon dioxide equivalents (CO 2 eq) where the impact of carbon dioxide is standardized to 1. Other greenhouse gases, such as methane and nitrous oxide have much higher impacts per unit volume of gas emitted. For the purpose of thisGet price

Executive Summary Of The Inventory Of U.S. Greenhouse Gas

Recent Trends in U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks Figure ES-4 2003 Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Gas In 2003, total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions were 6,900.2 Tg CO2 Eq. Overall, total U.S. emissions have risen by 13 percent from 1990 to 2003, while the U.S. gross domestic product has increased by 46 percent over the same period (BEA 2004).Get price

Green Energy Has a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Problem, but

Sep 16, 2019 · In fact, in the United Kingdom, Sulfr hexafluoride leaks accounted for 0.11 percent of Great Britaingreenhouse gas emissions in 2017, according to data from the UKNational Atmospheric Emissions. However, the use of Sulfr hexafluoride is expected to grow by 75 percent by 2030, which has led to a backlash, new gear to prevent leaks, and the search for greener ways ofGet price