South Africa’sGasRegulatory Landscape 54 CoordinateGasDevelopmentin theRegion 55 HelpUnlock5.0to8.8GWof Gas-to-PowerProjects 56 FurtherImplications 57 AppendixA: Acronyms 60 AppendixB: AdditionalCharts 27 4.TRADEOPPORTUNITIES ANDTHEEMERGENCE OFTHREE POTENTIAL GASSYSTEMS 49 5.REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTFOR NATURALGASIN SOUTHERNAFRICA 54 6.NEXTSTEPSGet price

The future of gas-to-power projects in Africa

The future of gas-to-power projects in Africa. Natural gas is expected to play a central role in supporting Africa’s drive to achieve electricity connection for nearly 600 MM people without access to the grid, to reduce widespread reliance on coal for power generation, and to fast-track the continent’s slowed industrial expansion.Get price

Chapter 2 Light up and power Africa A

Excluding South Africa, annual energy consumption is about 175 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per capita, compared to a global average of 2855 kWh per capita. The share of population with access to clean cooking solutions is 31% across Africa, and just 10% in low-income countries. In sub-Saharan Africa 80% of households use solid biomass, mainlyGet price

Domestic Fuel Combustion in Un-electrified Low-income

statement made in line with South Africa’s goal to provide some form of energy to the entire country states that “South Africa aims to ensure that by 2030 at least 90% of people have access to grid electricity”3. The proportion of households using electricity for cooking has increased by 26.4%, from 47.5% in 1993 to 73.9% in 2011.Get price

Natural Gas in East Africa: Domestic and Regional Use

gas mobility2.This paper provides an overview of the natural gas resource in East Africa, includes an update of the energy market in both countries, and reviews theGet price

East African Clean Diesel Now a Reality | Climate Clean Air

Over 6.8 million urbanites in East Africa will benefit from low sulfur diesel fuel and the life-saving filter and catalyst technologies cleaner fuel enables. The Heavy-Duty Diesel Initiative has, since 2013, supported the East Africa Community (EAC) in its landmark introduction of low sulfur fuels (maximum sulfur content of 50 ppm in diesel).Get price

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What is the carbon emission factor for the South African

projects in South Africa vary widely, both due to changes in the rules over time and also to misappli-cation of the rules. This paper shows how the appli-cation of the latest guidelines gives a ‘combined margin emission factor’for South Africa of0.957 tCO 2/MWh in 2009/2010. The variation in emissionGet price

LPG Explosion In Ghana - Breaking News, Ghana, Africa

Aug 14, 2019 · Disasters have been integral parts of the human experience since the beginning of time, causing loss of life, property and injury and disrupt the functioning of a community or a society. The atomic gas explosion, the El-Wak Stadium cargo plane crash, the May 9th stadium disaster which occurred during a football match between Accra hearts of Oak and Kumasi Asante Kotoko, claiming about 200Get price

Domestic Fuel Combustion in Un-electrified Low-income

Africa – Representative sample size – Lack of standardised South African emission factors for domestic fuel combustion • Recommendations – Verify and revise emission factors – important to have an understanding of the social and cultural dynamics surrounding domestic fuel combustion in low-income settlements.Get price

Harnessing African Natural Gas - gsb.uct.ac.za

the new gas resource map of Africa its decidedly bicoastal flavor. Although the total gas resource base in Sub-Saharan Africa is enormous in relation to current energy consumption in the continent, the commercialization options available to resource-holding countries are not all the same.Get price

Electrifying Africa - Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

East Africa 41 Emma Gordon Electrification in Africa: the need for Aid and the design and implementation of power sector reform projects in sub-Saharan Africa 46 Neil McCulloch, Esméralda Sindou and John Ward Electrification in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of international institutions 49 Simone Tagliapietra Electrifying Africa ContentsGet price

Dielectric gas - Wikipedia

A dielectric gas, or insulating gas, is a dielectric material in gaseous state. Its main purpose is to prevent or rapidly quench electric discharges.Dielectric gases are used as electrical insulators in high voltage applications, e.g. transformers, circuit breakers (namely sulfur hexafluoride circuit breakers), switchgear (namely high voltage switchgear), radar waveguides, etc.Get price


Africa (not including the benefits to South Africa itself from the bulk supply). 9. Such a system would take time to fully develop. It is shown however that even at a 25% penetration of gas as a primary resource in the energy system, it can be affordable and have a transformative impact on power, food, urban transport and cooking in urban areasGet price

Ghana re-examines gas supply agreement with Cenpower - ESI Africa

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Fuel Quality and Emission Standard Developments in Africa

Eastern African Community has the lowest limit for diesel; Southern Africa countries to follow Max Sulfur Limits in Diesel in Central, Eastern and Southern Africa in 2018 Legend: 10-15 ppm 16-50 ppm 51-350 ppm 351-500 ppm 501-2000 ppm 2000-10000 ppm No information / Not regulated Countries may apply lower limits for different grades, regionsGet price

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the West Africa Region

The West Africa region’s GHG emissions represent 2.03% of global emissions. With 5.26% of the global population, per capita emissions of 1.08 metric tons of carbon dioxide-equivalent (tCO 2 e) are approximately six times below the world average. The exceptions are Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon where per capita emissions are almost 3.5 timesGet price


the reduction of electricity demand in South Africa especially within the residential sector and also to introduce continuous energy efficiency improvements in the appliance and equipment industry. The project objectives are achieved through the introduction of mandatory Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) and a product labelling system.Get price


South Africa’s primary energy supply is made up of the following components: coal 74.1%, oil 12%, renewable energy (hydro, biomass, solar and wind) 7.4%, nuclear 4.2% and gas 2.3% [1]. Due to the high cost and decreasing reserves of oil and gas, its contribution to the energy mix is expected to decrease.Get price

GHG Emissions | ConocoPhillips

Scope 1 and Scope 2 EmissionsScope 3 EmissionsFlaringMethaneEnergy EfficiencyLow-Carbon Emitting ProductsCDPOur scope 1 and scope 2 GHG emissions and emissions intensity calculations directly measure our climate performance and help us understand climate transition risk. For example, our ability to manage GHG emissions can help us measure resilience to emerging carbon tax regulation. In 2019, our total gross operated GHG emissions, in CO2 equivalent terms, were approximately 20.5 million tonnes, a decrease of about 1.4% from 2018. The reduction was driven primarily by our UK asset disposition, downtime at Surmont due to a turnaround, and reduced production and LNG plant throughput at Darwin LNG. This was partly offset by increases from continued development in Lower 48 and increased flaring and LNG plant throughput at APLNG. Our overall GHG emissions intensity increased by 4.6% in 2019. Read more about our GHG emissions intensity target. In accordance with our aim to improve the disclosure of risk to our stakeholders, we have integrated climate related Sustainability Accounting Standards...Get price

Diesel standby generators and the environment - EE Publishers

May 30, 2018 · Diesel standby plant has an impact on the environment and is subject to regulations governing noise levels and emissions. The diesel standby plant (DSP) forms an essential part of the electricity supply network and appears in many forms and in many places. In the past, the DSP was common at high-reliability sites such as telecommunications […]Get price

West African Countries Introduce Emissions Standards in Fuels

UN Environment Executive Director Erik Solheim welcomed the new regulations, noting that “West Africa is sending a strong message that it is no longer accepting dirty fuels from Europe. Their decision to set strict new standards for cleaner, safer fuels and advanced vehicle emissions standards shows they are placing the health of their peopleGet price

Building Africaenergy capacity | IEA Clean Coal Centre

Aug 28, 2018 · Half the region’s primary demand is for solid biomass for mainly household cooking, while coal and oil meet a third of the demand. South Africa has the largest demand for coal for power generation while roughly two-million barrels of oil per day is evenly distributed across the region. Renewables contribute 18%, and natural gas around 4%.Get price

Emission Estimation Technique Manual

Explosives Detonation Firing Ranges 1 1.0 Introduction The purpose of all Emission Estimation Technique (EET) Manuals in this series is to assistGet price

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions in East Africa - Climatelinks

Aug 19, 2016 · East Africa - Low Emitters (1990–2011) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 CO 2 e Year Agriculture Sector GHG Emissions in East Africa - High Emitters (1990–2011) Source: WRI CAIT 2.0, 2015 Source: WRI CAIT 2.0, 2015Get price