indonesia’s greenhouse gas abatement cost curve 3 Thank you for your interest in this report, and for your efforts to enable Indonesia to work towards a future based on long-term, sustainable, development.Get price

Mitigating Green House Gas Emissions in Indonesia through

mangrove 5forests. However, Indonesia consistently has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world and is one of the top 10 greenhouse gases (GHG) emitters. An estimated 63 percent of Indonesia’s GHG emissions stem from land use change, deforestation, and forest and peat land fires.Get price

Smart Farming Device to Calculate Greenhouse Gas Emission in

Dec 20, 2019 · Indonesia’s Gadjah Mada University made a breakthrough in agriculture with the development of a smart farming device that is capable of calculating greenhouse gas emissions on agricultural land. According to a recent press release , the technology was developed by Bayu Dwi Apri Nugroho, Ph.D., a Lecturer from the University’s Department ofGet price

Indonesia worldNo. 3 greenhouse gas emitter: report | Reuters

Jun 04, 2007 · Indonesia is among the worldtop three greenhouse gas emitters because of deforestation, peatland degradation and forest fires, a report sponsored by the World Bank and Britaindevelopment armGet price

The Carbon Brief Profile: Indonesia

Mar 27, 2019 · Indonesia was the world’s fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gases in 2015. It is the 16th biggest economy and the largest in southeast Asia. Its emissions stem from deforestation and peatland megafires and, to a lesser extent, the burning of fossil fuels for energy.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride, is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. It is inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and non-toxic. SF 6 has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density ofGet price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas Sulfr hexafluoride are rising

But there’s a problem: it’s also one of the most potent greenhouse gases known to man. The amount of the gas – known as sf 6 – in the atmosphere is minute, only about three parts per trillion by volume, but its global warming potential is significant.Get price

Indonesia-Norway LoI on Cooperation on Reducing Greenhouse

Oct 10, 2020 · Some perceived the LoI as a semi-political move as it was signed immediately after the then-President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, made a bold speech at the G20 Meeting London in 2009, declaring that Indonesia would be able to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 21% on its own, or up to 46% if the international communityGet price

Greenhouse gas emission reductions through use of a

For decades, Sulfr hexafluoride has been a dielectric medium commonly used in electrical power applications, particularly for high voltage equipment. However, Sulfr hexafluoride has long been recognized as a potent greenhouse gas and governments have sought to reduce emissions from gas-insulated equipment. The electrical power industry has demonstrated an ability and willingness to respond to these environmental issuesGet price

PGE Phases Out Sulfr hexafluoride Greenhouse Gas | TD World

Feb 21, 2019 · • Dry air/vacuum currently is the lowest-cost life-cycle option. • Dry air/vacuum has been tested up to 65-kA interrupting current and 550-kV rated voltage. This combination of merits makes dry air/vacuum the most cost-effective replacement option for SF 6 at this time. Dry Air/Vacuum PilotGet price

National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS

fruits‘ waiting to be harvested to assist Indonesia in reducing its greenhouse gases emissions while promoting green, low carbon development. These are cost-effective and low-risk mitigation actions in the five biggest emitter sectors: peat, forest, power generation, industry and transport. The report also underscores that Indonesia shouldGet price

Decomposition of Potent Greenhouse Gas Sulfur Hexafluoride

BOF steel slag as a low-cost sorbent for vanadium (V) removal from soil washing effluent. Scientific Reports 2017, 7 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-11682-3. Holger Deubner, Florian Kraus. The Decomposition Products of Sulfur Hexafluoride (sf 6) with Metals Dissolved in Liquid Ammonia.Get price

Toward the end of SF₆, the most powerful greenhouse gas?

Oct 14, 2020 · The most powerful greenhouse gas. With a global warming impact that is 23,500 times higher compared to CO 2 and an atmospheric lifetime of 3,200 years, SF 6 is the most harmful known greenhouseGet price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reduction

Tracer gas in fume hoods, microbubbles as contrast agent in ultrasound equipment, treatment of retinal detachment by reinopexy. A ccording to global EPA data the primary global greenhouse gas emissions are approximately 76-80% carbon dioxide, 10-16% methane, 5-7% nitrous oxide, and 2-3% fluorinated gases.Get price

Pursuing Green Growth Through Off-Grid Energy in Indonesia

Program OverviewEvaluation QuestionsDetailed FindingsEconomic Rate of ReturnMCC LearningEvaluation MethodsNext StepsMCC’s $474 million Indonesia Compact (2013-2018) included the $288 million Green Prosperity (GP) Project that aimedto increase economic productivity and reduce land-based greenhouse gas emissions. The project funded 26 community-based off-grid (CBOG) renewable energy (RE) grants totaling $85.3 million. Some were designed as community-owned RE projects, while others were RE components of natural resource management projects. These grants sought to substitute renewable energy for fossil fuels in remote and rural communities, opening opportunities for social and economic improvements through access to electricity.Get price

Could renewables be emitting the most potent greenhouse gas

Sep 16, 2019 · The gas is said to have the highest global warming potential of any known substance – scientists say it is 23,500 times more potent than carbon dioxide and can last in the atmosphere for up toGet price

Medium Voltage blue GIS | Systems | Siemens Global

May 24, 2021 · blue products have very high public and market acceptance thanks to greenhouse gas-free operation, low maintenance, and simple end of life treatment. Use of environmentally safe materials Beyond materials and substances meeting health safety standards (i.e. REACH, RoHS in Europe), a material impact analysis is an integral part of the designGet price

Myth About gaz sf6 Gas In Electrical Equipment

Where is Sulfr hexafluoride used? The following applications are known. For some of these most probably you haven’t heard of. For sound insulation in windows, In vehicle tyres, Is sf 6 a health hazard? Pure gaz sf6 is physiologically completely harmless for humans and animals. It’s even used in medical diagnostic. Due to its weight it might displace the oxygen in the air, if large quantities are concentrating in deeper and non ventilated places. Is sf 6 harmful for the environment? It has no ecotoxic potential, it does not deplete ozone. Due to its high global warming potential of 22.200 (*) it may contribute to the man made greenhouse-effect, if it is released into the atmosphere. What is the overall contribution of gaz sf6 used in the electrical equipment to the greenhouse effect? Less than 0,1 % ( see CAPIEL) and CIGRE). In an Ecofys study the contribution to the greenhouse effect in Europe is estimated to 0.05 % (*).

How To Decarbonize Indonesia And Achieve Low-Carbon Prosperity

Aug 15, 2017 · Indonesia may follow in China’s footsteps, supply its growing energy demand with coal, ruin the health of its citizens, and put more heat-trapping gases into the atmosphere (Figure 1).Get price

TechTopics No. 111 | TechTopics | Siemens USA

Sulfr hexafluoride gas and U.S. greenhouse gas emissions The use of sulfur-hexafluoride (SF 6 ) gas globally has been the subject of a large amount of discussion for many years, both in the U.S., and worldwide. SF 6 is recognized as an extremely potent greenhouse gas, primarily because of its atmospheric lifetime of about 3,200 years, with a global warmingGet price

Wastewater Treatment Impacts from AB 32 and Climate Change

1990 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) levels by 2020 80% GHG levels by 2050 California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) 10+ options to disclose GHG for construction projects Local Air Board Several rules for CH4, CO, NOX, SOX, CO2 2006 California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32) 1990 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) levels by 2020 80% GHG levels by 2050Get price


and Indigenous Peoples’ lands, and the massive greenhouse gas emissions caused by the draining and burning of peatlands for the production of Conflict Palm Oil have all made frequent international headlines in the last few years. However, the working and living conditions of laborers on palm oil plantationsGet price

Emission Factors for Greenhouse Gas Inventories

2013 Revisions to the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule (PDF) to 40 CFR part 98, subpart C: Table C–1 to Subpart C—Default CO2 Emission Factors and High Heat Values for Various Types of Fuel and Table C–2 to Subpart C—Default CH4 and N2O Emission Factors for Various Types of Fuel.Get price

Alternative Air Sparge Test Method Using Sulfur Hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride

Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) was used as a tracer gas in a traditional AS test setting to mimic DO distribution in GW Although this is not a new idea, very limited information on practical field applications of the technique was readily available Johnson et al. (2001). Use of an SF 6-Based Diagnostic Tool for Assessing Air Distributions andGet price

Sulfur hexafluoride | F6S - PubChem

Sulfur hexafluoride is a sulfur coordination entity consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is the most potent greenhouse gas currently known, with a global warming potential of 23,900 times that of CO2 over a 100 year period (insulating gas has an estimated lifetime in the atmosphere of between 800 and 3,000 years).Get price

Achieving true net zero | Schneider Electric

sf 6, though little known, is the most potent greenhouse gas. Where does it sit in your business, and how can you replace it? The mission to curb global warming is predominantly framed on reducing carbon dioxide (CO2), and understandably so; an estimated 35bn tonnes are released into the atmosphere annually.Get price

Climate Change | US EPA

May 13, 2021 · Greenhouse Gas Inventory. Between 2018 and 2019, greenhouse gas emissions decreased 1.7%, primarily because of a drop in fossil fuel combustion emissions, which was largely due to trends in the electric power sector. Visit: Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Perspectives on the Top 20 Emitters

Nov 28, 2008 · Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Perspectives on the Top 20 Emitters and Developed Versus Developing Nations Climate change is a global issue1; however, greenhouse gas emissions data on a global basis are incomplete. Some developing countries have no institutions for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions and have never reported such emissions to theGet price

Have your say - Europa

E.DSO’s members are involved in achieving energy transition internally, they are committed to reduce their own Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions linked to their activities. F-Gases, sf 6 in particular, are used in the distribution network equipment in switchgears installed in substations (primary, secondary).Get price

Purpose-built ­substations for the data center industry | ABB

Aug 20, 2020 · However, Sulfr hexafluoride is also an extremely potent greenhouse gas. In view of this, ABB Power Grids has introduced eco-efficient switchgear with new AirPlus™, a groundbreaking gas mixture with 99.99 percent lower global warming potential (GWP) than sf 6.Get price